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« MUST SEE RATIGAN BOMBSHELL: How The Federal Reserve & Wall Street Banks Are Destroying The Dollar, Ripping Off Taxpayers, Disrupting The Food Chain And Sparking GLOBAL Revolution (With Bill Fleckenstein) | Main | Bernanke Is STILL Withholding Collateral Data for $885 Billion in Financial Crisis Loans »

WSJ: What Could Bernanke & The NY Fed Be Hiding?

Fed Chairman Bernanke

Ben Bernanke

Why were bank bondholders made whole, while taxpayers got shafted?  Bernanke has never answered publicly.  Any doubts about fair play on Fed transparency will evaporate as you read the following.

Editor's Note - We are republishing this WSJ story from last Fall in light of Bernanke's comments - lies, actually - during Thursday's speech.


Two exceptional editorials from the WSJ.  Reprinted with permission.

On the key facts behind the bailouts of 2008, regulators have stonewalled the public, the press and even the inspector general of the Troubled Asset Relief Program. On Wednesday, we'll find out if they can also stonewall the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission.

Chairman Phil Angelides and his panel will begin two days of hearings on the subject of "Too Big to Fail," featuring testimony from Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Chairman Sheila Bair.  Across bailouts from Bear Stearns to AIG, the government has refused to release its analysis of the "systemic risks" that compelled it to mount unprecedented interventions into the financial system with taxpayer money.  Two years after the crisis, Mr. Angelides and his colleagues should finally let the sun shine on this critical period of our economic history.

A year ago we told you about former FDIC official Vern McKinley, who has made a series of Freedom of Information Act requests.  He wanted to know what Fed governors meant when they said a Bear Stearns failure would cause a "contagion."  This term was used in the minutes of the Fed meeting at which the central bank discussed plans by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to finance Bear's sale to J.P. Morgan Chase.  The minutes contained no detail on how exactly the fall of Bear would destroy America.

He also requested minutes of the FDIC board meeting at which regulators approved financing for a Citigroup takeover of Wachovia.  To provide this assistance, the board had to invoke the "systemic risk" exception in the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, and it therefore had to assert that such assistance was necessary for the health of the financial system.  Yet days later, Wachovia cut a better deal to sell itself to Wells Fargo, instead of Citi.  So how necessary was the assistance?

The regulators have been giving Mr. McKinley the Heisman, but two weeks ago federal Judge Ellen Segal Huvelle made the FDIC show her the Wachovia documents. She is still considering the McKinley suit, but the crisis commission doesn't need to wait for her decision. It should let all Americans read them now.

Then there's AIG.  Who decided that firm was too big to fail, and on what basis?  Last winter, Senator Jim Bunning went on CNBC and said that Mr. Bernanke's staff did not think AIG was too big to fail. "His staff didn't agree with him. . . . I'm talking about an email that he sent his staff after his staff recommended that the Federal Reserve not touch AIG," said Mr. Bunning.

In February, we sent a FOIA request to the Fed for an internal memo entitled "Issues Related to Possible IPC Lending to American International Group" and an email from Chairman Bernanke that included a draft of the proposal that he would soon present to the Fed Board of Governors to approve lending to AIG. Yesterday a Fed spokeswoman told us it is still reviewing the request.

You could argue that the Fed has been a model of good government in handling our request compared to the way it has responded to TARP inspector general Neil Barofsky. Documents he's asked for were not produced and in some cases the New York Fed has told Mr. Barofsky that documents did not exist when in fact they did. Along with investigating the management of the crisis, the former prosecutor is also now investigating the withholding of information about the crisis.

What could the New York Fed be hiding?  For one thing, a clear explanation of why it felt it had to bail out AIG. The story from regulators during the crisis was that credit-default swap counterparties had to be paid lest the financial system collapse. The public became incensed about 100-cents on the dollar pay-outs to big banks. Then last winter, Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, who ran the New York Fed in 2008, said the real problem had been AIG's insurance business, threatening average consumers.

Writing in our pages in February, former New York Insurance Superintendent Eric Dinallo said that "policyholders would have been protected" in the event of an AIG bankruptcy. That seemed clear enough, but then Mr. Dinallo immediately added that an AIG bankruptcy "would have been bad for those same policyholders." So which was it? State insurance regulators and industry analysts have since told us that Mr. Dinallo was wrong when he suggested that policyholders would have suffered.

Two years after the bailouts and more than a month after President Obama signed into law new authority for the government to prevent "systemic risk," Washington still won't tell us what this term means.  Releasing the history of 2008 would at least allow us to know what regulators thought it meant at the time, with lessons for the future. Is there any other reason for this inquiry commission to exist?



After two more days of hearings this week about the 2008 credit meltdown, the lid on Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke's black box remains shut and locked. Testifying Thursday before the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, Mr. Bernanke made clearer than ever that financial "systemic risk" is whatever he and his fellow regulators decide it is.  Read on and weep at how little has changed despite financial "reform."

The danger of a systemic financial failure was the government's catch-all justification for its unprecedented market interventions beginning with Bear Stearns in March 2008. Asked by commissioner Keith Hennessey this week to define "systemic risk," Mr. Bernanke said that many academics are currently trying to do just that, but there remains a debate about how to measure it.  Taxpayers might hope that Mr. Bernanke would demand a clear definition before he commits the next trillion dollars, but that's probably not the way to bet.  The Fed Chairman confidently predicted that determining the level of such risk will largely "remain subjective."

As bad as this news is for taxpayers, the potentially worse news came when Mr. Hennessey asked if, in times of crisis, the government could still assist a particular company now that Dodd-Frank reform is the law of the land.  Mr. Bernanke quickly put the matter to rest by noting that a too-big-to-fail company undergoing the government's new resolution process could still receive money from the Treasury.  Uh, oh.

As for what particular risk at AIG inspired Mr. Bernanke to authorize a taxpayer bailout that grew to $182 billion, Mr. Bernanke's answer was vague, but it differed from the explanation offered by Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner.

Mr. Geithner has testified that an AIG bankruptcy would have threatened the insurance subsidiaries on which consumers rely.  Mr. Bernanke apparently knew better than to try that one on commissioner Brooksley Born, whose mission in life is to blame the crisis on over-the-counter derivatives, especially credit-default swaps.  Ms. Born asked if AIG was considered a systemic risk "in part because many of the world's largest and most important financial firms were AIG's counterparties on these credit default swaps, and thus could have been impacted with AIG's failure."

Mr. Bernanke danced around the question.  After all, who wants to argue that we had to use tax dollars to bail out French banks and Goldman Sachs?  The Fed chairman artfully suggested that while the AIG counterparties didn't all necessarily need the help, the risk would be triggered by the "uncertainty" among investors wondering which ones needed help and which ones didn't.  Mr. Bernanke added that at the time of the rescue in September 2008 and even now, two years later, he never learned the net exposure of the giant banks to AIG.

More plausibly, he described the potential downside for creditors with "commercial paper, corporate bonds and other vehicles" that "would have triggered an intensification of the general run on international banking institutions."  Mr. Bernanke made no mention of the AIG insurance businesses.

So it appears the Geithner explanation for the AIG bailout is no longer operable, and Mr. Bernanke has now confirmed that his own decision was based on intuition, not a study of credit exposures.  We imagine Johnny Carson holding an envelope to his head as Carnac the Magnificent, as Ed McMahon (Hank Paulson) intones, "you, in your divine and mystical way, will ascertain the answers having never before seen the questions."

But did Mr. Bernanke's staff perform such a risk study, which he ignored?  On Thursday the Fed told us it is still reviewing our Freedom of Information Act request for a staff recommendation to Mr. Bernanke. Senator Jim Bunning has said he's seen evidence showing that the Fed staff opposed the bailout. The crisis commission should release this document, along with Mr. Bernanke's subsequent email with the draft proposal to the Fed Board of Governors to approve lending to AIG.

This week the commission did at least release the minutes of the September 2008 meeting at which the FDIC board approved a "systemic risk" exception to allow the government to finance the sale of Wachovia Bank to Citigroup. Wells Fargo later topped Citi's bid in a private transaction, showing that federal assistance wasn't necessary.

The minutes reveal that while the staff did see a systemic risk, the FDIC was under intense pressure from the Fed and Treasury to approve the deal. FDIC Chairman Sheila Bair noted that she only acquiesced after Treasury agreed to cover any FDIC losses as they occurred, without waiting, as is customary, for the Federal Deposit Insurance Fund to be depleted before providing assistance.


Which brings us to the most troubling part of Mr. Bernanke's testimony. While reciting a litany of mistakes by private firms and various harms allegedly caused by a lack of regulation, the Fed chief once again dismissed the notion that loose Fed monetary policy contributed to the credit bubble.

So there you have it: The chairman takes no responsibility for the monetary roots of the credit mania but wants virtually unbridled authority to intervene in the markets based on a hip-pocket judgment about "systemic risks" that not even he can define. Taxpayers will just have to take his word for it.



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Reader Comments (17)

WASHINGTON (MarketWatch) -- President Barack Obama on Friday promoted Austan Goolsbee to the role of chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers, filling a key vacancy on his economic team.

Sep 10, 2010 at 5:22 PM | Registered CommenterDailyBail
SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) -- While investigators sift Friday through the charred remains of a San Francisco suburb, the pipeline blast that killed at least four and incinerated dozens of San Bruno homes raises disturbing questions.

Sep 10, 2010 at 5:24 PM | Registered CommenterDailyBail
NEW YORK (MarketWatch) -- Treasury prices declined on Friday, pushing yields up for a third day, with stocks and technical resistance levels guiding action.

Treasurys, which had been higher in European trading hours, posted a weekly loss.

Yields on 10-year notes /quotes/comstock/31*!ust10y (UST10Y 2.80, +0.04, +1.38%) , which move inversely to prices, rose 3 basis points to 2.79%. A basis point is 0.01%.

Sep 10, 2010 at 5:25 PM | Registered CommenterDailyBail
WASHINGTON (MarketWatch) -- The Securities and Exchange Commission on Friday approved rules expanding the scope of a new circuit-breaker pilot program aimed at preventing a repeat of the May 6 market crash, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped nearly 1,000 points before recovering to a 348-point loss.

"We have worked quickly with the exchanges to take these steps, and we will continue to be very focused on a

Sep 10, 2010 at 5:25 PM | Registered CommenterDailyBail
These are amazing. We've been asking these questions for years now, but it's amazing to see them in the WSJ of all places. Any idea who wrote these, or were they unsigned editorials? I couldn't find any attribution for either of them.

But this is just awesome.
Sep 10, 2010 at 7:15 PM | Registered CommenterDr. Pitchfork
The First Amendment Center has this great guide to filing FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) requests.

Sep 10, 2010 at 7:36 PM | Registered CommenterDr. Pitchfork
These are amazing. We've been asking these questions for years now, but it's amazing to see them in the WSJ of all places. Any idea who wrote these, or were they unsigned editorials? I couldn't find any attribution for either of them.


Yes. Unsigned editorials...i agree though...awesome stuff...they dropped some hints about barofsky and the his investigation of the ny fed and geithner...document stonewalling and even lying...barofsky has said he has the frbny squarely in his sights...friedman, and geithner are not completely out of the woods...
Sep 10, 2010 at 10:08 PM | Registered CommenterDailyBail
As far as the foia, i looked into filing one with the fed...that's how i first talked to mark pittman from bloomberg...they had already filed and i was looking to join...lawyer's fee were expected to be outrageous...he told me to expect 100k minimum...
Sep 10, 2010 at 10:10 PM | Registered CommenterDailyBail
As far as the foia, i looked into filing one with the fed...that's how i first talked to mark pittman from bloomberg...they had already filed and i was looking to join...lawyer's fee were expected to be outrageous...he told me to expect 100k minimum...

Wow, you knew Mark Pittman? I hadn't realized.

I've been "studying up" on this FOIA business tonight -- fees can vary quite a bit (btw, do we qualify as news media?).

And whose lawyer's fee are we talking about on this? You mean there's a legal fee involved with the filing of the request, or was Pittman talking about Bloomberg's legal fees in fighting the denials?
Sep 10, 2010 at 11:00 PM | Registered CommenterDr. Pitchfork
Interesting, both Judicial Watch and a reporter form the Washington Independent -- apparently on the same day -- filed FOIA requests last summer with Treasury about the infamous September 18, 2008 meeting between BB, Paulson and the Congressional leadership. Judicial Watch ended up having to sue just to get a response, but I've looked through the documents they've posted and it's just a bunch of emails -- no meeting agenda, no talking points, no minutes (probably weren't any). (These docs were released in May of this year.) In other words, based on what JW was able to pull out of them, we have no idea still what BB and Paulson told the pols that night that caused them to fall into organized panic.

I'm going to see if the Washington Independent has reported anything else yet, but it's interesting that no one has revealed yet what exactly was said.

Here's Treasury's log of FOIA requests for 2009.
Sep 10, 2010 at 11:06 PM | Registered CommenterDr. Pitchfork
Pittman has another request from January of last year -- something about TARP. As of year end, it was still "pending." Fitting, I suppose.
Sep 10, 2010 at 11:08 PM | Registered CommenterDr. Pitchfork
In July of 2009, James H asked about FOIA-ing the 9/18 meeting and you wrote:

A FOIA request for transcripts of the closed-door meeting is an interesting idea. I would like to find out if there were even notes taken. I wouldn't be shocked if The Hammer demanded that no records be kept.

After all he was trained under John Ehrlichman.

And the Nixon White House and everyone in it, definitely learned the lesson about note taking and tape recording.

Did anyone else notice HP's comments about never using email...I would not be surprised if it were his training under Ehrlichman that influences this decision not to leave a computer trail?
It was about a month before that conversation that JW and the WI filed their FOIA requests with Treasury (funny it took the pro's almost as long as us to think of it).
Sep 10, 2010 at 11:36 PM | Registered CommenterDr. Pitchfork
Yes...the costs of the foia request were for lawyer's fees to fight the denials and stonewalling...and i remember paulson telling marcy kaptur that he didn't use email and then she reminded everyone paulson trained under the nixon thugs...

it's in the paulson IED up his ass clip...

As far as pittman, i wrote about it in the obituary story i did about him...didn't really know him...we spoke on the phone about 5 times early last year about various stories...
Sep 10, 2010 at 11:57 PM | Registered CommenterDailyBail
Wow, protecting policy holders? how laughable. I was ejected from my policy with AIG one month before it went under. I called AIG for explanation, they told me that it was because a speeding ticket happend 2 years and 11months ago. So they waited also 3 years to decide rejecting renewals? Nope, they knew that they have nothing left, they were closing down. Why the fu ck Geither wanted to save AIG? nope it was to save GS!!!!!
Sep 12, 2010 at 1:01 AM | Unregistered CommenterLiars
this is the response I got from one of the corner office advisors at my firm that has about $200 million in AUM. Direct from his email...>>>>>>>>>>>>>>Tea Party BS. The S&P futues if is manipulated could be a hedge fund or high frequeny traders that are doing it - not the Fed. The Fed wants the stocks to go higher but they do it indirectly through QE2 or interest rates - not by buying S&P Futures overnight. <<<<<<<<<<<

he laughed at me and kicked me out of his office for suggesting the FED has been manipulating the S&P futures. very funny stuff.

Also, another advisor at my office told this to me" Oh that Advisor has done very well for his clients. Although he was down 40% in 2008, he was up 40% in 2009, so broke even for his clients." LOL and this douche bag has about $150 million in AUM. First class clowns!!!
Feb 4, 2011 at 2:55 PM | Unregistered CommenterSell Short
And this is the ZeroHedge article that suggests the FED manipulating the futures. this was very clear during the European bailouts like 6 months ago. The markets would open up 200 points by the criminal feds maniping the futures ect ect..


Feb 4, 2011 at 3:00 PM | Unregistered CommenterSell Short
sell short...i'm not surprised...the street is clueless...great story though...i enjoyed the detail...and excellent link...thanks...
Feb 4, 2011 at 3:48 PM | Registered CommenterDailyBail

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